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date: 27 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the most fundamental types of phonological change. The first part is a presentation of the basic notions underlying virtually any discussion in historical phonology (conditioning of changes, the phonological levels affected, basic structural consequences, persistent rules vs. sound change). In the other part the major types of sound change (featural, segmental as well as prosodic) are presented under nine headings (assimilation, dissimilation, deletion, insertion, lenition, fortition, metathesis, lengthening and gemination, shortening and degemination). The goal of this chapter is to provide a theory-neutral presentation of these general notions.

Keywords: sound change, phonological change, assimilation, lenition, metathesis, gemination, lengthening, phonologization, deletion

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