Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Tone loss (tonoexodus) is relatively understudied in comparison with the birth of tone (tonogenesis). Contact plays a crucial role in tone loss, which usually proceeds through reanalysis of a prominent tone as an accent. Tonogenesis most frequently occurs as laryngeal features spread from either coda or onset to the nucleus, frequently passing through a contrast in phonation (modal, breathy, creaky) before settling down as a contrast in pitch. F0 also covaries with certain features of the vowel that in rare cases can become phonologized as tone. Once established, tones may multiply or merge. Tone is highly suggestible, as are other prosodic features, and tones in one language can influence tones in neighbouring languages. However, similarities in tone systems in a linguistic area are better explained as parallel development rather than direct borrowing.

Keywords: tone, tonoexodus, tonogenesis, pitch, phonation, laryngeal, prosody, contact

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.