- List of Contributors
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Cited GATT Panel and Working Party Reports and their Common Abbreviations
- List of Cited WTO Panel and Appellate Body Reports, Other Initiated WTO Disputes, and their Common Abbreviations
- Table of Cases
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Economic and Policy Context
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Legal and Institutional Context
- The Place of the WTO in the International System
- WTO Institutional Aspects
- Responding to National Concerns
- Regional Trade Agreements
- The Institutional Dimension
- Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, and Interpretation
- Procedural and Evidentiary Issues
- Standard of Review in WTO Law
- Remedies and Compliance
- The Limits of Judicial Processes
- Trade and Development
- Trade and Environment
- Trade and Labour
- Trade and Human Rights
- Trade and Health
- Trade and Investment
- Trade and Competition Policy
- WTO and Civil Society
- International Trade Law, United Nations Law, and Collective Security Issues
- Regulating Multinational Corporations and International Trade Law
- Law, Culture, and Values in the WTO – Gazing into the Crystal Ball
Abstract and Keywords
This article addresses two main strands in the literature on trade and human rights, one focusing on the positive and the other focusing on the negative relationship between the two fields. It looks at three main areas in which trade and human rights are interrelated, focusing on the different approaches adopted by the two subdisciplines of trade and human rights law. Firstly, it concerns the negative effects of a country's trade policies on other countries, in particular protectionist trade policies. Then it looks at the corollary problem of the losses caused by trade liberalization. It considers the phenomenon of trade rules designed to promote free trade but which go beyond liberalization. This article concludes with an account of the ways in which the major trade and human rights institutions have reacted to these issues over the past few decades.
Lorand Bartels, University Lecturer in International Law and Fellow of Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.