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date: 16 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article presents a critical review of the substantial and growing literature in British politics on globalization. It is concerned with three central issues: the extent to which the British state and economy can indeed be said to be exposed, and increasingly exposed, to the (competitive and other) pressures associated with globalization — i.e. the extent of the globalization of the British economy since the 1960s; the extent to which the reform trajectory of the British state and economy since the 1980s provides a model of the adaptation of an advanced liberal democratic welfare state to the competitive pressures of an ever more integrated global economy; and the extent to which that reform trajectory rests on a particular understanding of globalization and the nature of the British state and economy's exposure to globalization. British growth is not the product of competitiveness but has been achieved largely despite a lack of competitiveness.

Keywords: British politics, globalization, British state, British economy, reform trajectory, liberal democratic welfare, competitiveness

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