- The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Editor Biographies
- Author Biographies
- The Corporate Social Responsibility Agenda
- A History of Corporate Social Responsibility: Concepts and Practices
- Corporate Social Responsibility Theories
- The Business Case for Corporate Social Responsibility
- Corporate Social Performance and Financial Performance: A Research Synthesis
- Principals and Agents: Further Thoughts on the Friedmanite Critique of Corporate Social Responsibility
- Rethinking Corporate Social Responsibility and the Role of the Firm—On the Denial of Politics
- Critical Theory and Corporate Social Responsibility : Can/Should We Get Beyond Cynical Reasoning?
- Much Ado about Nothing: A Conceptual Critique of Corporate Social Responsibility
- Top Managers as Drivers for Corporate Social Responsibility
- Socially Responsible Investment and Shareholder Activism
- Consumers as Drivers of Corporate Social Responsibility
- Corporate Social Responsibility, Government, and Civil Society
- Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility
- Stakeholder Theory: Managing Corporate Social Responsibility in a Multiple Actor Context
- Responsibility in the Supply Chain
- Corporate Social Responsibility: The Reporting and Assurance Dimension
- Globalization and Corporate Social Responsibility
- Corporate Social Responsibility and Theories of Global Governance: Strategic Contestation in Global Issue Arenas
- Corporate Social Responsibility in a Comparative Perspective
- Corporate Social Responsibility in Developing Countries
- Educating for Responsible Management
- Corporate Social Responsibility: Deep Roots, Flourishing Growth, Promising Future
- Senior Management Preferences and Corporate Social Responsibility
- The Transatlantic Paradox: How Outdated Concepts Confuse the American/European Debate about Corporate Governance
- Spirituality as a Firm Basis for Corporate Social Responsibility
- Future Perspectives of Corporate Social Responsibility : Where we are Coming from? Where are we Heading?
Abstract and Keywords
The community of Business and Society scholars has been investigating the relationship between corporate social performance and corporate financial performance over thirty years. The typical conclusion, based on narrative reviews of this literature, is that the empirical evidence is too mixed to allow for any firm. In these reviews, poor measures and weak theory construction are often mentioned as causes of this apparent variability in findings. The assumption that this research stream is inconclusive has persisted until after the turn of the millennium. So, what may be required at this point is a critical examination of the evidence that seems to have motivated these conclusions. This article argues that certain types of literature reviews should be treated with caution. It proposes an alternative and uses this more rigorous methodology of literature reviews in order to assess the cumulative evidence on the core constructs.
Marc Orlitzky (Ph.D., University of Iowa) is Associate Professor of Management, Division of Business and Engineering, Pen State Univesity. His research interests include corporate social responsibility, business ethics, strategic human resource management, and organizational and small‐group performance. He serves on the editorial review boards of the Academy of Management Journal and Encyclopedia of Business Ethics and Society and has published several empirical studies of corporate social performance in a variety of publication outlets.
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