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date: 21 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Nationalism, as both a movement and an ideology, has played a major part in the history of the Arab world since 1945, be this in the form of pan-Arabism (espoused by Nasser and by the Ba’th Parties), of individual Arab states ( such as Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Algeria), or of Islamist variants, pan-Islamic, and national-Islamist. Under the impact of regional and international events, these variants of Arab nationalism have, at different times, based themselves on liberal, socialist, and religious principles, even as they have sought to confront the various challenges facing Arab states: independence, economic development, Palestine, Arab unity. In a comparative framework, Arab nationalism, for all its claim to singularity, raises the same questions of theory, history, and ethical stance as do nationalisms the world over.

Keywords: Egypt, identity, Iraq, Islamism, Jerusalem, jihad, Koran, Middle East, Palestine, Suez, unity

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