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date: 08 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In recent decades, there has been an intensively renewed interest in the origins and development of ‘Christology’, religious practices as well as ideas/beliefs, and earliest ‘devotion’. Scholars have explored in what ways Jesus-devotion may have drawn upon Jewish tradition and how it may have represented something innovative. In particular, there are questions about the means by which early believers, shaped by Jewish tradition, with its concern for the uniqueness of God, may have accommodated devotion to Jesus as in some way bearing divine significance. The Qumran texts comprise a major and unique cache of material giving access to Second Temple Jewish religious tradition, and are, thus, integral in all of this investigation. This article describes ancient Jewish monotheism, principal angels, and the origins of ‘High’ Christology.

Keywords: Jesus Christ, Second Temple, divine significance, Qumran texts, High Christology, Jewish monotheism

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