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date: 19 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Book of Isaiah is one of the longest in the Bible. Isaiah played a major role in the literature and theology of the Qumran community, and in the NT he is far more frequently alluded to or quoted, often by name, than any other prophet. It is no exaggeration to say that for 2,000 years there is hardly any aspect of western culture to which the language and imagery of Isaiah has not contributed something significant. What was it about Isaiah that produced this unique phenomenon? What are the Isaianic themes and images that played so prominent a role in the history of Christianity that he was to become known as the ‘fifth evangelist’? In seeking answers to these questions, this article looks first at Jewish and Christian perceptions of Isaiah, and then at some of the results of modern research.

Keywords: Book of Isaiah, Bible, fifth evangelist, Isaianic themes, Christianity, Qumran community

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