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date: 22 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Candidates in constituency campaigns are important agents in the representative process. This chapter surveys the state of the literature that relates to the extent to which and how constituency candidates facilitate accountable and responsive government. Particularly, it asks about who candidates are, how they campaign, and how this affects the representative process. Furthermore, it explores the sources of individual level variance with regard to campaign effort and style. Our literature survey indicates the existence of pronounced variance in constituency level campaign effort and candidate behaviour that results from electoral incentives but also from individual and party level factors. It stresses the consequential nature of such differences since they determine what voters learn about politics in election campaigns and what policies parliaments pursue beyond Election Day.

Keywords: constituency candidates, campaign effort, campaign behaviour, candidate effects, candidate traits, electoral systems

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