Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Democratic representation requires that voters can find a party that represents their interests. Thus, representation is a function of the policy demands of citizens and even more so on the supply of party choices at election time. This chapter describes the factors that affect the choices that parties and party systems offer to voters, such as the number of political cleavages, the structure of the electoral system, the number of parties, the ideological diversity of these choices, and other factors. This chapter uses the Left–Right scale to describes the representation process across contemporary party systems. The chapter also considers the implications of these patterns for the functioning of representative democracy, and the issues facing future research.

Keywords: electoral system, European Union, Left–Right scale, party systems, political parties, voting

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.