- The Oxford Handbook of Citizenship
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: Citizenship—<i>Quo Vadis</i>?
- Revisiting the Classical Ideal of Citizenship
- Re-Scaling the Geography of Citizenship
- Political Membership and Democratic Boundaries
- Liberal and Republican Conceptions of Citizenship
- Citizenship and Nationhood
- The History of Racialized Citizenship
- Feminist, Sexual, and Queer Citizenship
- Postcolonial Citizenship
- Economic Theories of Citizenship Ascension
- Comparing Citizenship Regimes
- Citizenship and Human Rights
- Citizenship and Cultural Diversity
- Citizenship and the Franchise
- Status Non-Citizens
- Citizenship in Immigration States
- Citizenship and State Transition
- Citizenship in Non-Western Contexts
- Indigenous Citizenship in Settler States
- Secular and Religious Citizenship
- Performative Citizenship
- Does Citizenship Matter?
- The Place of Territory in Citizenship
- Diasporas and Transnational Citizenship
- Fragmentation of Citizenship Governance
- Multiple Citizenship
- Multilevel Citizenship
- Supranational Citizenship
- Cosmopolitan Citizenship
- On Refugeehood and Citizenship
- Statelessness, ‘In-Between’ Statuses, and Precarious Citizenship
- Citizenship and Technology
- Citizenship For Sale?
- Citizenship and Membership Duties Toward Quasi-Citizens
- Inclusive Citizenship Beyond the Capacity Contract
Abstract and Keywords
The concept of citizenship denotes a legal status, an identity, and a range of distinctive activities and practices. These dimensions of citizenship are unified by the fact that they are all underpinned by a unifying and universalist logic. Modern societies are culturally diverse. Many of them are constitutively diverse, in that cultural diversity was present at their founding. Others are contingently diverse, in that they have been subject to processes such as immigration that has diversified them after founding. Many arguments have been developed to show that there are strong grounds, compatible with a broadly liberal political ethics, to resist arguments for shared citizenship in the context of constitutively culturally diverse societies. But contingently culturally diverse societies, to the degree that they recognize and enforce individual rights, are also ill-equipped to enforce a thick shared citizenship identity. Perfectionist arguments for citizenship fall foul of liberal principles. Rather than a shared identity or shared obligations imposed by the state, multicultural societies can see the emergence of shared identities and ethos emerging “from below”.
Daniel Weinstock, James McGill Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University.
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