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date: 17 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter offers a critical review of the development of a legal and political framework for the prevention and control of international disease outbreaks. Historically, such development focused on the role and functions of the World Health Organization, culminating in the 2005 revision of the International Health Regulations. The effectiveness of that framework has come under intense criticism as a result of the inadequate international response to the 2014–2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa and has led to global efforts to build a more credible system of global health security. The chapter analyzes recent legal and policy developments in this area, with particular emphasis on the inclusion of health threats into the international security agenda and the complex interactions between the international protection of biodiversity and sharing of human pathogens for public health protection.

Keywords: WHO, International Health Regulations, Ebola, global health security, international disease outbreaks, international security, biodiversity, pandemics, epidemics, pathogens

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