Abstract and Keywords
This chapter covers descriptive, psychological, linguistic, and neuropsychological accounts of language. It then deals with extant phenomenological aspects of language. Finally the chapter tackles the contributions of the three fathers of phenomenology—Edmund Husserl, Max Scheler, and Martin Heidegger. The chief focus is on a set of facts about language disorder which undermine many of the philosophical formulations of language over the past century. What is most apparent is the fragility and perverseness of language under psychopathological conditions without much effect on the subject’s general behavior or even grasp of meaning. Subsidiary consideration is given to the relevance of linguistic analysis of the main language disorders in psychopathology, and to the importance of experimental results as opposed to over-arching theories of the nature of language and its breakdown.
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