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date: 16 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The idea of time plays a central role in modern philosophy. Modern philosophy doesn’t want to investigate Being, but a particular kind of Being, namely the Being of the subject which investigates Being. Then it identifies the subject with its capacity of thinking, perceiving, sensing, judging, and isolates the condition of this capacity in an operation of all further operations. Time is this transcendental operation. In other terms, time is synthesis, namely the capacity a subject has to be present to himself in order to be present to the world. This presence to presence which is time is the most profound structure of the subject, and when time becomes bodily synthesis, namely the operation of a living body which feels itself living, then psychopathological experience becomes the intermittence, the fragmentation, the impossibility of the body itself. An entire landscape of profoundly innovating readings of what we call madness becomes possible.

Keywords: Descartes, Kant, Husserl, Merleau-Ponty, Maldiney, body, time, presence

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