Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 27 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The tremendous social inequalities provoked by the laissez-faire model of state led to the advent of the ‘Social Question’ and socialism, and finally to state intervention in social matters. First, during the interbellum period, in Soviet Russia, the Fascist and Nazi regimes, and only after 1945 in democratic states where a consolidated welfare state model developed, until in the 1980s its cost began to grow untenably, and governments started cutting taxes and reducing social spending. The welfare state has impacted European legal systems in crucial aspects like the ‘constitutionalization’ of social rights; the appearance of collective bargaining as a source of law; the creation of specific procedures to solve labour conflicts, as the mixed council of workers and employers or the creation of specific public social jurisdictions; and, finally, scholarly social law, that started in Weimar Germany, and later expanded to the UK and most European law schools.

Keywords: poor laws, corporatism, Beveridge model, welfare capitalism, deregulation, basic income, fundamental social rights, collective bargaining, labour court, social law

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.