Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 07 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In the last quarter of the twelfth century a new type of royal court was created in England with courts possessing nationwide jurisdiction, whose justices required specific authorization to hear individual cases and who began regularly to use jury verdicts for fact-finding. From the first the justices of these new courts kept written records and from the last quarter of the thirteenth century these are supplemented by unofficial law reports made by those listening to what was done in court. Initially these courts were concerned mainly with serious crime and property rights over land but they also came to exercise jurisdiction over disputes about the mutual obligations of lords and tenants and helped to control various forms of coercion and self-help. These new courts created the English common law and well before 1350 this had also spread (to a greater or lesser extent) outside England to Ireland, Wales, and Scotland.

Keywords: origins of the common law, jury trial, professional judges, law reporting, creation of property law, export of English Law

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.