Abstract and Keywords
The expression of evidentiality is quite diverse among the languages of the Uto-Aztecan family. This diversity is seen both in the number of terms and associated functional distinctions and in the formal means used to express them. The purpose of this chapter is to synthesize and describe evidential expression across the family, both as a contribution to a typology of evidential systems in the world’s languages and to an understanding of the diachronic development of such systems. All the languages surveyed in this chapter mark, at a minimum, reported information, and most of them also carry some means for marking inference. The grammaticalization and renewal of reportative evidentials is considered. Most of the languages treat direct evidence either as the default or unspecified case. The overt marking of direct, firsthand evidence is rare, and just a few languages express perceptual evidence, either visual or auditory.
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