- The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Paradox
- Foreword: Paradox in Organizational Theory
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: The Paradoxes of Paradox
- Ad Fontes: Philosophical Foundations of Paradox Research
- Psychoanalytic Theory, Emotion, and Organizational Paradox
- A Road Map of the Paradoxical Mind: Expanding Cognitive Theories on Organizational Paradox
- What Paradox?: Developing a Process Syntax for Organizational Research
- Organizational Dialectics
- Circumventing the Logic and Limits of Representation: <i>Otherness</i> in East–West Approaches to Paradox
- Critical Management Studies and Paradox
- Beyond Managerial Dilemmas: The Study of Institutional Paradoxes in Organization Theory
- Paradoxes of Organizational Identity
- Alternate Prisms for Pluralism and Paradox in Organizations
- Paradox in Positive Organizational Scholarship
- Managing Normative Tensions within and across Organizations: What Can the Economies of Worth and Paradox Frameworks Learn from Each Other?
- The Role of Irony and Metaphor in Working through Paradox during Organizational Change
- Reflections on the Paradoxes of Modernity: A Conversation with James March
- Paradox at an Inter-Firm Level: A Coopetition Lens
- Pathways to Ambidexterity: A Process Perspective on the Exploration–Exploitation Paradox
- Gender and Organizational Paradox
- Navigating the Paradoxes of Sustainability
- The Paradoxes of Time in Organizations
- On Organizational Circularity: Vicious and Virtuous Cycles in Organizing
- Tensions in Managing Human Resources: Introducing a Paradox Framework and Research Agenda
- Looking at Creativity through a Paradox Lens: Deeper Understanding and New Insights
- “I Am … I Said”: Paradoxical Tensions of Individual Identity
- The Paradoxical Mystery of the Missing Differences between Academics and Practitioners
- Paradox in Everyday Practice: Applying Practice-Theoretical Principles to Paradox
- Methods of Paradox
- Expanding the Paradox–Pedagogy Links: Paradox as a Threshold Concept in Management Education
- Paradox and Polarities: Finding Common Ground and Moving Forward Together: A Case Study of Polarity Thinking and Action in Charleston, South Carolina
Abstract and Keywords
Despite growing scholarly interest in paradoxes, there is still a lack of literature expressly engaging with the methodological mechanics of “doing” paradox research. First, there are no clearly established guidelines around what should count as paradox in research endeavours. Second, there is uncertainty around who sees/thinks/experiences the paradox and what is relevant when it comes to the emergence, choice, interpretation, and appropriation of paradoxes in empirical settings. Third, there is still confusion around where one can find evidence of paradoxes. This chapter aims to shed some light on these methodological shortcomings. It suggests that paradox researchers can deal with these methodological challenges by: 1) showing evidence of contradictory, interrelated, simultaneous, and persistent paradoxical tensions in the empirical setting, 2) developing reliable and flexible protocols for paradox identification, 3) pushing for multilevel paradox studies, 4) practicing reflexivity, 5) staying close to the context, and 6) leveraging multi-modality.
Constantine Andriopoulos earned his PhD at Strathclyde Business School, and is a professor of innovation and entrepreneurship at Cass Business School, City, University of London. His research on organizational ambidexterity and the management of innovation paradoxes has been featured in journals such as Organization Science, Human Relations, California Management Review, and Long Range Planning. Constantine is co-founder of the blogsite http://www.leveragingtensions.com, which seeks to connect scholars and practitioners interested in paradox, dualities, and dialectics.
Manto Gotsi earned her PhD in marketing at the University of Strathclyde, and is a reader in marketing at Westminster Business School, University of Westminster. In the past, Manto has held academic posts at Cardiff University, Brunel University, University of Aberdeen, and University of Strathclyde. Her research on the nature and management of tensions and paradoxes has been published in journals such as Human Relations, European Journal of Marketing, International Small Business Journal, and International Marketing Review.
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