- The Oxford Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Notes on Contributors
- R2P in Theory and Practice
- Humanitarian Intervention in the Nineteenth Century
- The Genocide Convention and Cold War Humanitarian Intervention
- The Turbulent 1990s: R2P Precedents and Prospects
- Sovereignty as Responsibility: Building Block for R2P
- Rwanda, Kosovo, and the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty
- The Genesis of R2P: Kofi Annan’s Intervention Dilemma
- R2P’s Status as a Norm
- Moral Agents of Protection and Supplementary Responsibilities to Protect
- R2P and International Law: A Paradigm Shift?
- How Well Does R2P Travel Beyond the West?
- The Responsibility Not to Veto: A Responsibility Too Far?
- UN Security Council
- UN General Assembly
- Getting There, Being There: The Dual Roles of the Special Adviser
- UN Human Rights Council and High Commissioner for Human Rights
- The Role of Regional Organizations: A Responsibility Gap?
- The African Union
- Asia Pacific and South Asia
- Europe and the European Union
- Latin America
- The Arab Region
- United States
- Addressing the Gender Gap in R2P
- The Blurry Boundary between Peacebuilding and R2P
- The R2P, Protection of Civilians, and UN Peacekeeping Operations
- Saving Individuals from the Scourge of War: Complementarity and Tension between R2P and Humanitarian Action
- The Use of Force
- Conflict Prevention and R2P
- Responding to Forced Displacement as a Mass Atrocity Crime
- Responsibility while Protecting
- The International Criminal Court
- The Use of UN Sanctions to Address Mass Atrocities
- The Politics of Global Humanitarianism: R2P before and after Libya
- Côte d’Ivoire
- The Democratic Republic of Congo
- North Korea
- South Sudan
- Sri Lanka
- R2P: The Next Ten Years
- The State, Development, and Humanitarianism: China’s Shaping of the Trajectory of R2P
- Embedding R2P in a New Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities
- Resetting the Narrative on Peace and Security: R2P in the Next Ten Years
- R2P’s Next Ten Years: Deepening and Extending the Consensus
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter analyses acceptance and implementation of the norm of the responsibility to protect by the European Union and its member states. Although European states have accepted the norm, and supported its development at the UN, progress in implementing it has been patchier. The chapter looks at the degree to which there has been programmatic, bureaucratic and operational implementation of the norm by the EU in particular. It finds there are wide divergences in Europe over the use of military force with regard to pillar 3 of R2P, a lack of EU bureaucratic capacity and will to implement pillars 1 and 2 of R2P, and confusion over the clarity of the norm which has led to the conflation of conflict prevention with mass atrocity prevention.
Chiara de Franco, University of Southern Denmark
Christoph Meyer, King's College London
Karen E. Smith, London School of Economics and Political Science
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.