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date: 28 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the implementation of R2P within the UN system, focusing especially on the evolving role of the Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General. It sketches the institutional and political context that shaped the decision to appoint a UN Special Adviser, reflects on how the mandates and practices associated with this position have developed over the years, and assesses how the normative, operational, and institutional challenges ahead are shaping up for the implementation of R2P within the UN. The chapter argues that the position of Special Adviser is still evolving and far from firmly entrenched in the UN bureaucracy. Since its future prospects, and those of the related post of Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide, remain to be determined, the chapter addresses the mandates for both positions in some detail and puts forward some suggestions for how they could be further developed in the future.

Keywords: United Nations, Secretary-General, genocide prevention, responsibility to protect, General Assembly, world politics

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