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date: 12 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter investigates British influences and imports in southern Scandinavia from the late eleventh to the early sixteenth centuries from a mainly archaeological perspective, set against contemporary political and commercial developments. The geographical extent of this area is roughly defined as the medieval Danish kingdom, but the text also touches on Norway’s much closer British connections. Danish links with England continued in various forms after the Viking Age, but decreasingly so; contacts with Germany and The Netherlands, in particular, became much more important, illustrated by the main Danish port to the west, Ribe. Two British-Danish royal marriages in the fifteenth century demonstrate British interest in the increasingly important Baltic trade, then controlled by Denmark from the castle at Elsinore. From that century onwards many Scots settled in East Danish towns—the first evidence of extensive relations between Scotland and Denmark.

Keywords: English-Danish links, influences, imports, Scots in Danish towns, Norway’s British connections, British-Danish royal marriage, Baltic trade

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