Abstract and Keywords
This article considers phase transitions in matrix models that are invariant under a symmetry group as well as those that occur in some matrix ensembles with preferred basis, like the Anderson transition. It first reviews the results for the simplest model with a nontrivial set of phases, the one-matrix Hermitian model with polynomial potential. It then presents a view of the several solutions of the saddle point equation. It also describes circular models and their Cayley transform to Hermitian models, along with fixed trace models. A brief overview of models with normal, chiral, Wishart, and rectangular matrices is provided. The article concludes with a discussion of the curious single-ring theorem, the successful use of multi-matrix models in describing phase transitions of classical statistical models on fluctuating two-dimensional surfaces, and the delocalization transition for the Anderson, Hatano-Nelson, and Euclidean random matrix models.
Keywords: phase transition, Hermitian model, polynomial potential, saddle point equation, circular model, fixed trace model, single-ring theorem, multi-matrix model, delocalization transition, random matrix model
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