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date: 13 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

India’s interaction with other states today involves a range of subjects beyond traditional diplomacy, including those in the economic, energy, environment, defence, and diaspora realms. Consequently, the officialdom at the central level involved in the formulation, approval, and implementation of foreign policy includes a number of actors. For these official Indian actors, a number of factors have made foreign policy-making more complicated than it was in the past. This chapter outlines these factors. It also examines the various actors involved in the Indian foreign policy process, providing examples of the kind and scale of their involvement and interaction with each other. Furthermore, it outlines the informal and formal mechanisms for coordination between these actors. Finally, it explores some challenges inherent in the foreign policy-making system, as well as criticisms levelled at it.

Keywords: India, foreign policy, officials, process, policy-making, coordination, diplomacy

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