Abstract and Keywords
A historical overview of the critical and scholarly examination of Hard Times leads, first, to a scrutiny of the work of key figures such as Ruskin, Shaw, and Leavis. Leavis opens the way to the institutionalized study of the work via scholarly articles. A key factor in the establishment of the novel as a subject for university study is the Norton Critical Edition. However, this achievement is questioned and challenged by the possibilities opened up by Dickens Journals Online, which enables the text to be seen as it was by its first readers. The novel can thus be read in new ways, a key example being the relatively recent development of blogging.
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