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date: 03 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Since the work of J. Louis Martyn and Raymond E. Brown in the late 1960s and 1970s, the hypothesis of a socially distinctive Johannine Community in which the Gospel and Letters of John originated and for which they were also written has played an important role in Johannine scholarship. The combined evidence of the Gospel and Letters lends historical plausibility to this hypothesis, as it does to the hypothesis of a Johannine School of writers. An account of the history of this Johannine Community, including its origin, character, and experiences, has to be correlated with an account of the composition history of the documents (e.g. their sequence). Building on the classic work of Martyn (for the Gospel) and Brown (for the Letters), though diverging from them at several points, this chapter provides a possible history of the Johannine Community and a composition history of the documents.

Keywords: Johannine Community, Johannine School, composition history, Gospel of John, Letters of John, Raymond E. Brown, J. Louis Martyn, expulsion from the synagogue, Birkat ha-Minim

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