Abstract and Keywords
This article presents the results of model calculations carried out to determine the mesoscopic structural features of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) crystal structures, and especially their characteristic high critical temperature (Tc) and anisotropy. The crystal structure of high-temperature superconductors (HTSc) is unique in having some mesoscopic features. For example, the structures of a majority of cuprite superconductors are comprised of two structural blocks, perovskite and rock salt, stacked along the c-direction. This article calculates the interaction between the perovskite and rock salt blocks in the form of combinative energy in order to elucidate the effects of mesoscopic structures on high-Tc superconductivity. Both X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy show that a ‘fixed triangle’ exists in the samples under investigation. The article also examines the importance of electron–phonon coupling in high-Tc superconductors.
Keywords: mesoscopic structures, crystal structures, critical temperature, anisotropy, high-temperature superconductors, cuprite superconductors, combinative energy, high-temperature superconductivity, fixed triangle, electron–phonon coupling
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