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date: 21 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The social psychology of lying addresses some of the most fundamental questions about deception: How often do people lie? Why do they lie? To whom to they tell their lies? Do particular types of people lie especially often? Research-based answers to all those questions are reviewed. The investigation of frequency includes a comparison of students and non-students living in the same area, finding a higher incidence of lying among the former. Also discussed are strategies for lying, cognitive factors in lying, and lying in close and casual relationships. The system of personality categories introduced (or rather, updated) by Ashton and Lee (2007) is reviewed. The chief distinction in types of lie is found to be between self-serving lies and other-oriented lies. Strategies are examined in depth using interviews of suspected criminals and frequenters of online forums. The chapter concludes with a pessimistic overview of online dating sites.

Keywords: deception, lying, motivation, close relationships, personality, cognitive processes, strategies for lying, sex differences, relationships

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