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date: 19 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

According to the extended mind hypothesis, “There is nothing sacred about skull and skin” for our cognitive abilities (Clark and Chalmers 1998). Is this also true for bodily awareness? In this chapter I consider several versions of what we can call the extended body hypothesis. According to a weak version, bodily awareness is not limited by the biological boundaries of our body. In light of tool embodiment, I highlight the malleability of embodiment but also show that there are important limitations to the sensations that we can feel in tools. I then consider a stronger version of the extended body hypothesis, according to which bodily awareness is not even constrained by the apparent boundaries of the body. I will describe how we can experience sensations in peripersonal space, but argue that even then there seems to be something sacred about our apparent skull and skin.

Keywords: tool, bodily sensation, pain, touch, embodiment, sense of ownership, exosomesthesia, peripersonal space, phantom limb, rubber hand illusion

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