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date: 21 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores the influence of Scriblerian satire within the practice of visual satire during the eighteenth century, specifically viewed within the graphic works of William Hogarth and James Gillray. What Hogarth took from the Scriblerians, particularly Jonathan Swift and Alexander Pope, is the bathetic logic of satire, which assumes an entropic narrative of decline, marked by the irreversibility of time. Such can be seen not merely in his moral progresses, but in virtually all of his works, even those not typically seen as progressive, like The Four Times of the Day (1738). Gillray, by contrast, adapted the scatology of the Scriblerians into a complex visual grammar—now central to modern political caricature—wherein the lowness and porousness of the body serves as a metaphor for the insubstantiality of words and rhetoric.

Keywords: visual satire, graphic satire, Scriblerian satire, William Hogarth, James Gillray, The Four Times of the Day, Alexander Pope, The Dunciad, Richard Brinsley Sheridan

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