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date: 17 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Learning and making music are complex multimodal activities which put a high load on our brain functioning. They engage perceptual, cognitive, motor, and sensorimotor processes and the associated neuronal circuitries. Long- and short-term musical training and practice can shape brain structure and functions. In this chapter, evidence supporting the neuroplastic effects of music is reviewed, by examining the differences in musicians’ and nonmusicians’ brains, in terms of structure and function. In addition, the effects of musical training and early music experience on brain development are examined. Conclusions are drawn on the role played by music-driven neuroplasticity for the purposes of neuroprotection and rehabilitation.

Keywords: music, brain plasticity, learning, perception, action, sensorimotor processes, development, neurorehabilitation

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