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date: 24 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Since the 1960s, political and legal thought has been influenced by a republican revival. Philip Pettit’s Republicanism (1997) offers the most ambitious philosophical contribution to this revival: a blueprint for constitutional governance and citizenship organized around a principle of freedom as non-domination. This chapter examines Pettit’s conception of freedom and effort to reconfigure republicanism into a more inclusive, egalitarian, and cosmopolitan theory. It then considers Republicanism’s influence, and some criticisms and further inquiries the project invites, including the relation to liberalism, risks of state overreach, sufficiency of non-domination for freedom, discounting of democratic participation, and limits of law and institutions. While these criticisms are potent, they do not diminish Pettit’s venture. Rather, they indicate the vigor of his neo-republican vision, and its role in expanding debate over the problem of domination and the ongoing challenges of addressing it through political institutions, law, and civic life.

Keywords: citizenship, civic participation, constitutionalism, contestation, democracy, freedom as non-domination, liberalism, populism, republicanism, rule of law

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