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date: 16 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The politics of planning development and the planning of politics were intertwined facets of late colonialism. This chapter shows that planning socio-economic development was a paramount political act, and that it was a form of imagining and enacting imperial permanence, both formal and informal. Idioms, repertoires, and techniques of developmentalism—and its close cousin, welfarism—became integral to the plural trajectories that constituted the multiple ends of empire. The politics and policies of late colonialism in the European empires were characterized by diverse modalities of repressive developmentalism, which was formed by multifaceted historical processes of entanglement between social control and repression on one hand, and development and welfare on the other. Repressive developmentalisms entailed two mutually constitutive processes in late colonialism: the securitization of idioms and repertoires of development, and the developmentalisation of idioms and repertoires of security.

Keywords: Development, decolonization, population resettlement, social engineering, European colonial empires, imperial comparisons, securitisation, social change, violence, repression

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