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date: 05 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter is a case study of elliptical constructions in French. It reviews the elliptical constructions that French does and does not display, and the language-specific properties some of them show. It argues that French does not display predicate ellipses but only predicate anaphors, including in comparatives. It also shows that not all clausal ellipses may rely on the same mechanism: while the gap following modal verbs in French, known as French Modal Ellipsis, is an ellipsis based on clausal deletion, some cases of sluicing and fragment answers resist such an analysis, while stripping and gapping subsume different types of elliptical phenomena which cannot be given a homogeneous analysis. It also briefly presents the main properties of nominal ellipses and of the various short structures in comparative clauses.

Keywords: VP-ellipsis, French Modal Ellipsis, clausal ellipsis, coordinate ellipsis, coordination, sluicing, comparatives, stripping, gapping, noun phrase ellipsis

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