Abstract and Keywords
This chapter reviews Conjunction Reduction (CR) phenomena—forward CR (stripping, Phrase Cluster Coordination), and backward CR (Right-Node Raising), and discusses theoretical concerns they raise and approaches to explaining them (ellipsis, across-the-board movement, flexible constituency, multiple dominance/MD). It covers the main empirical generalizations, illustrating mostly with English data but also some from German; and touches on important less well-known phenomena (non-coordinate RNR, Right-Node Wrapping). Striking right–left asymmetries indicate that different mechanisms lie behind forward and backward CR. Similarities between regular ellipsis types and forward CR, and evidence that non-deleted units inside conjuncts targeted by forward CR move to the conjunct periphery, are argued to support the move-and-elide approach. Difficulties afflicting both ellipsis and ATB-movement approaches to RNR are highlighted, and the MD approach is presented as a promising alternative.
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