- Introduction: a roadmap for explanation, a working definition
- The domain of hypnosis, revisited
- Generations and landscapes of hypnosis: questions we've asked, questions we should ask
- Dissociation theories of hypnosis
- Social cognitive theories of hypnosis
- How hypnosis happens: new cognitive theories of hypnotic responding
- Intelligent design or designed intelligence? Hypnotizability as neurobiological adaptation
- A psychoanalytic theory of hypnosis: a clinically informed approach
- Measuring and understanding individual differences in hypnotizability
- Hypnosis scales for the twenty-first century: what do we need and how should we use them?
- Parsing everyday suggestibility: what does it tell us about hypnosis?
- Advances in hypnosis research: methods, designs and contributions of intrinsic and instrumental hypnosis
- Hypnosis and the brain
- Hypnosis, trance and suggestion: evidence from neuroimaging
- Hypnosis and mind—body interactions
- Psychoanalytic approaches to clinical hypnosis
- Reclaiming the cognitive unconscious: integrating hypnotic methods and cognitive-behavioral therapy
- An Ericksonian approach to clinical hypnosis
- Foundations of clinical hypnosis
- Hypnosis in the relief of pain and pain disorders
- Hypnosis and anxiety: early interventions
- Hypnotic approaches to treating depression
- Hypnosis for health-compromising behaviors
- Treating children using hypnosis
- Medical illnesses, conditions and procedures
- Hypnosis in the treatment of conversion and somatization disorders
- Trauma-related disorders and dissociation
- Hypnosis in sport: cases, techniques and issues
- Clinical hypnosis: the empirical evidence
- Making a contribution to the clinical literature: time-series designs
- Hypnosis in the courts
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter explains the primary phenomenology of hypnosis with two new accounts of how hypnosis happens. First, it discusses in more detail the phenomena to be explained and the questions that have been addressed. Then, it briefly and selectively reviews previous generations of cognitive theories that have influenced and informed the answers to those questions. This article introduces two new accounts: Dienes and Perner's (2007) cold control theory of hypnosis and Barnier and Mitchell's (2005) discrepancy-attribution theory of hypnotic illusions. Both these accounts have been presented together as they share a number of features, especially their roots in contemporary cognitive psychology. Both of the theoretical accounts that have been presented in this chapter reconsider the role of expectations in hypnosis. And the article argues at least for one of the accounts that hypnotic responses feel like they do, not because they meet expectations, but because they violate them.
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
Zoltan Dienes, PhD, University of Sussex, Brighton.
Chris J. Mitchell, PhD, University of New South Wales, Australia, firstname.lastname@example.org
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