- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Military Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- The Handbook of Military Psychology: An Introduction
- Comprehensive Soldier Fitness: Why? And Why Now?
- Combat-Related Stress Reactions Among U.S. Veterans of Wartime Service
- Physical Injuries; Psychological Treatment
- Operational Psychology: Foundation, Applications, and Issues
- Ethics, Human Rights, and Interrogations: The Position of the American Psychological Association
- In Search of Psychological Explanations of Terrorism
- Crime on the Battlefield: Military Fate or Individual Choice?
- What Do Commanders Really Want to Know?: U.S. Army Human Terrain System Lessons Learned from Iraq and Afghanistan
- An International Perspective on Military Psychology
- Military Selection and Classification in the United States
- Assessing Psychological Suitability for High-Risk Military Jobs
- Leadership in Dangerous Contexts: A Team-Focused, Replenishment-of-Resources Approach
- Swift Trust in Ad Hoc Military Organizations: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives
- Leader Development in a Natural Context
- Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Factors in Soldier Performance
- Characteristics of Sense-Making in Combat
- Military Engineering Psychology: Setting the Pace for Exceptional Performance
- Psychology’s Contribution to Military Training
- The Role of Sleep in the Military: Implications for Training and Operational Effectiveness
- Teams in the Military: A Review and Emerging Challenges
- Boredom: Groundhog Day as Metaphor for Iraq
- Minorities in the Military
- Gay Service Personnel in the U.S. Military: History, Progress, and a Way Forward
- Military Families in an Era of Persistent Conflict
- What They Deserve: Quality of Life in the U.S. Military
- Military Psychology: Closing Observations and a Look Forward
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter explores characteristics of sense-making in actual combat. We begin by examining the “booting up” and “rebooting” metaphors. These concepts denote a process through which commanders understand that their notion of the fighting requires adaptation. In hectic and often desperate situations, involving intense emotions and confusion, they must realize that their original frame may no longer be valid. We then explore creativity in combat, as signified by constant and free thinking. Successful commanders were focused on both the immediate task and the overall context of a fight. Finally, we look at the detrimental consequences of failing to make sense, namely, lack of participation in combat, freezing, or the repetition of futile and harmful actions.
Uzi Ben-Shalom, Bar-Ilan University & Tactical Command College, IDF.
Yechiel Klar, Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University.
Yizhaq Benbenisty, Military Psychology Center, IDF.
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