- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Military Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- The Handbook of Military Psychology: An Introduction
- Comprehensive Soldier Fitness: Why? And Why Now?
- Combat-Related Stress Reactions Among U.S. Veterans of Wartime Service
- Physical Injuries; Psychological Treatment
- Operational Psychology: Foundation, Applications, and Issues
- Ethics, Human Rights, and Interrogations: The Position of the American Psychological Association
- In Search of Psychological Explanations of Terrorism
- Crime on the Battlefield: Military Fate or Individual Choice?
- What Do Commanders Really Want to Know?: U.S. Army Human Terrain System Lessons Learned from Iraq and Afghanistan
- An International Perspective on Military Psychology
- Military Selection and Classification in the United States
- Assessing Psychological Suitability for High-Risk Military Jobs
- Leadership in Dangerous Contexts: A Team-Focused, Replenishment-of-Resources Approach
- Swift Trust in Ad Hoc Military Organizations: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives
- Leader Development in a Natural Context
- Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Factors in Soldier Performance
- Characteristics of Sense-Making in Combat
- Military Engineering Psychology: Setting the Pace for Exceptional Performance
- Psychology’s Contribution to Military Training
- The Role of Sleep in the Military: Implications for Training and Operational Effectiveness
- Teams in the Military: A Review and Emerging Challenges
- Boredom: Groundhog Day as Metaphor for Iraq
- Minorities in the Military
- Gay Service Personnel in the U.S. Military: History, Progress, and a Way Forward
- Military Families in an Era of Persistent Conflict
- What They Deserve: Quality of Life in the U.S. Military
- Military Psychology: Closing Observations and a Look Forward
Abstract and Keywords
In attempts to improve soldier training, adaptation, and performance, military psychologists have traditionally focused on cognitive processes such as situation awareness and decision making. Recent developments in psychology, however, point to the interaction between cognitive and non-cognitive factors in influencing training, adaptation, and performance. This chapter describes contemporary research in cognitive and non-cognitive processes that combine to influence soldier performance. Cognitive processes examined include situation awareness and intuitive decision-making. Personality, character, and other non-cognitive factors now known to affect soldier training, adaptation, and performance are explored in depth. Implications for force selection, training, and sustainment are evaluated.
Michael D. Matthews is Professor of Engineering Psychology, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership, U.S. Military Academy.
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