- The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention
- Crime Prevention and Public Policy
- Developmental and Life-Course Theories of Offending
- Risk and Protective Factors for Offending
- Preventing Crime Through Intervention in the Preschool Years
- Parent Training and the Prevention of Crime
- Child Social Skills Training in the Prevention of Antisocial Development and Crime
- Developmental Approaches in the Prevention of Female Offending
- Community-Level Influences on Crime and Offending
- Disorder and Crime
- Poverty Deconcentration and the Prevention of Crime
- Peer Influence, Mentoring, and the Prevention of Crime
- Comprehensive Community Partnerships for Preventing Crime
- Community-Based Substance Use Prevention
- Schools and Prevention
- Situational Crime Prevention: Classifying Techniques Using “Good Enough” Theory
- High Crime Places, Times, and Offenders
- Crime Displacement and Diffusion of Benefits
- Place-Based Crime Prevention: Theory, Evidence, and Policy
- The Private Sector and Designing Products against Crime
- Once Bitten, Twice Shy: Repeat Victimization and its Prevention
- Implementing Crime Prevention: Good Governance and a Science of Implementation
- The Importance of Randomized Experiments in Evaluating Crime Prevention
- Preventing Future Criminal Activities of Delinquents and Offenders
- Public Opinion and Crime Prevention: A Review of International Trends
- The Science and Politics of Crime Prevention: Toward a New Crime Policy
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses community-level influences on offending and crime. It shows how the general ecological model can help understand the spatial distributions of patterns of urban activity and unconventional behaviors including crime and delinquency. It then identifies the supporting causal explanations of neighborhood effects and studies the emerging research on reciprocal causation and the role of crime in the stratification of neighborhoods. The last section of the article comments on the lessons learned and the challenges that needs to be faced for further development in the field.
Steven F. Messner is Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology at the University at Albany, State University of New York.
Gregory M. Zimmerman is an Assistant Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Northeastern University.
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