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date: 16 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores the leadership literature through the lens of a dual processing perspective, indicating that human cognition consists of an automatic system (System 1) and a conscious system (System 2). In particular, it addresses follower and leader information processing from the dual-process paradigm. It is observed that quick, nonconscious processing plays a tremendous role in leadership and followership. The nature, acquisition, retention, and retrieval of information in System 1 follow a connectionist architecture, and function in accordance with the properties that have been typically attributed to schematic knowledge. The ability to engage System 2 has been compared to a muscle, which needs time to recover. In general, the data indicate that leadership scholars may want to consider mental events through the lens of an old, yet increasingly dominant, human-information-processing paradigm: the dual-process model.

Keywords: leadership, dual-process model, dual processing, human cognition, automatic system, conscious system, leader, followership, System 1, System 2

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