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date: 17 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter, we present the complexities of social class in relation to international individuals. More specifically, we present specific characteristics of different international individuals (i.e., immigrants, refugees, international students, expatriates) and factors that influence their social class worldview based on Social Class Worldview Model (Liu, 2002; Liu, Soleck, et al., 2004). Social class mobility issues, acculturation, poverty/inequality racism, prejudice, xenophobia, discrimination are some of the factors that significantly impact an international individual's social class. We provide a case example, Juan Smith who moved from the Caribbean with his family, to discuss the presented constructs and complexity of social class. Clinical considerations and recommendations for counselors are provided.

Keywords: international, counseling, social class, Caribbean, immigrants, refugees, expatriates, acculturation, social fluidity

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