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date: 22 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter provides an integrative framework for the evolutionary analysis of parent–child relationships. Starting from basic concepts in life history theory, the chapter examines the effect of ecological factors on parent–child relations and discusses how parents modulate their levels of investment depending on children’s characteristics such as sex, age, and physical similarity to the father. Next, the chapter explores children’s provision of care and resources, the possibility of exploitation by parents, and cross-cultural variation in children’s role in the family. The final section introduces genomic imprinting and discusses how conflict between maternal and paternal genes can affect child development and parent–child relations.

Keywords: Attachment, caregiving, differential susceptibility, father-child resemblance, genomic imprinting, helping, life history strategy, parental investment, plasticity, sex-biased investment

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