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date: 25 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the reform agenda of the Modernist-Salafiya movement (or Modernist-Salafism). Among the movement’s key concerns is the need to reform Islamic thought to enable Muslims to respond to modern challenges; the need to give up blind imitation of early scholars; the flexible interpretation of the Qur’an and Sunnah; the need to reform Islamic education by introducing modern disciplines; and increasing the rights of women. The article also discusses the history and development of the Modernist-Salafiya movement; Muhammad `Abduh as the movement’s key figure; the conservative turn of Islamic reformism under Muhammad Rashid Rida; and the Modernist-Salafiya movement in other parts of the Middle East.

Keywords: Islamist reform, Modernist-Salafiya, Islam, modernism, Muhammad `Abduh, Islamic reformism, Muhammad Rashid Rida

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