Abstract and Keywords
This article focuses on Egypt’s Society of Muslim Brothers (Jama`at al-Ikhwan al-Muslimun). It first describes the Muslim Brotherhood’s internal organization and practices. It then addresses the question of Muslim Brotherhood moderation, citing its longstanding participation in democratic processes, despite brief turns to violence in the 1940s and the 1960s. It argues that the movement has modified its goals in response to public pressure, but that these shifts are tempered by scriptural commitments and the necessities of electoral competition with ultra-Orthodox religious conservatives, especially with regards to gender relations. The article also considers the Brotherhood’s recent electoral victories. It concludes with suggestions for further research into the Brotherhood and Islamist parties more broadly.
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