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date: 20 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the goals and policies of the United Malay National Organization (UMNO). It considers the factors influencing the government’s move toward policies of greater Islamization and control over Islamic affairs. These include intra-Malay-Muslim politics, the rise of nongovernmental Islamic and student organizations, and the perceived dangers of radical Islam. It then analyzes the methods use by the government to control this process, including coercion, co-optation, and the development of new religious institutions to legitimate UMNO as the protector of Islam and Malays.

Keywords: Islam, politics, Malays, United Malay National Organization, UMNO, Islamization, radicalization

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