- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of The Economics of Poverty
- Introduction and Overview
- The Alleviation of Poverty: How Far Have We Come?
- Consumption and Income Poverty in the United States
- Poverty Lines across the World
- Theories of Poverty: Traditional Explanations and New Directions
- Poverty and the Labor Market
- Employment in Black Urban Labor Markets: Problems and Solutions
- Low-Skilled Immigrants and the US Labor Market
- Poverty and Low Earnings in the Developing World
- Antipoverty Programs for Poor Children and Families
- Education and the Poor
- Poverty, Health, and Healthcare
- Geographical Price Variation, Housing Assistance, and Poverty
- Distributions in Motion: Economic Growth, Inequality, and Poverty Dynamics
- Is Poverty Incompatible with Asset Accumulation?
- Poverty Transitions
- Macroeconomic Fluctuations and Poverty
- Obesity, Poverty, and the Ability to Pay for Calories
- Environmental Justice: Do Poor and Minority Populations Face More Hazards?
- Female Trust in Government and Gender Income Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Crime, Incarceration, and Poverty
- Payday Lending: New Research and the Big Question
- An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Antipoverty Programs in the United States
- Are Economists in Over Their Heads?
- Antipoverty Policy: The Role of Individualist and Structural Perspectives
- A New Statistic: The US Census Bureau’s Supplemental Poverty Measure
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines factors that determine transitions into and out of poverty using household data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. Two key factors drive poverty transitions: changes in household structure and changes in labor market attachment at the individual or household level. For children, women, and men, a change in the household head is the single biggest factor in initiating or ending poverty spells. On average, poverty spells are longer for blacks, for those who are less educated, and for those who live in female-headed households. Poverty re-entry rates for these groups are also higher. The number of weeks worked annually by the household head is an important determinant of poverty exit, entry, and re-entry probabilities.
Ann Huff Stevens is a professor of economics at the University of California, Davis
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