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date: 28 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews the successes and failures of associative theory as an account of causal learning, the most prominent alternative approaches, and a possible reconciliation of these seemingly incompatible perspectives. It argues that causal learning can be constructively viewed as a special instance of associative learning, with constraints that mirror the constraints of some other types of associative learning (e.g., taste aversion). But the question of whether the observed parallels reflect analogy or homology has not yet been settled. Researchers should continue looking for analogies and common principles that would lead to organizing the principles of causal learning as well as other associative phenomena.

Keywords: causality, causality judgments, contiguity, contingency, associative theory, associative learning

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