- The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology
- Caribbean Archaeology in Historical Perspective
- The Climatic Context for Pre-Columbian Archaeology in the Caribbean
- Indigenous Languages of the Caribbean
- The “Classic” Taíno
- Kinship and Social Organization in the Pre-Hispanic Caribbean
- Ethnohistory of the Caribs
- The Arawak Diaspora Perspectives from South America
- The Humanization of the Insular Caribbean
- Gateway to the Mainland Trinidad and Tobago
- Isthmo–Antillean Engagements
- Huecoid Culture and the Antillean Agroalfarero (Farmer-Potter) Period
- The Saladoid
- The Southward Route Hypothesis
- The Post-Saladoid in the Lesser Antilles (A.D. 600/800–1492)
- Meillacoid and the Origins of Classic Taíno Society
- Archaeological Practice, Archaic Presence, and Interaction in Indigenous Societies in Cuba
- The Bahama Archipelago
- Archaeological Views of Caribbean Seafaring
- An Archaeology of Spatiality in the Caribbean
- Exchange as a Social Contract A Perspective from the Microscale
- Studying Pre-Columbian Interaction Networks Mobility and Exchange
- Rethinking Chiefdoms in the Caribbean
- Household Archaeology in the Pre-Columbian Caribbean
- Zooarchaeology in the Caribbean Current Research and Future Prospects
- Human–Plant Dynamics in the Precolonial Antilles A Synthetic Update
- Stable Isotope Analysis of Paleodiet in the Caribbean
- Paleomobility Research in Caribbean Contexts New Perspectives from Isotope Analysis
- The Study of Pre-Columbian Human Remains in the Caribbean Archipelago From Descriptive Osteology to a Bioarchaeological Approach
- From Corpse Taphonomy to Mortuary Behavior in the Caribbean A Case Study from the Lesser Antilles
- The DNA Evidence for the Human Colonization and Spread Across the Americas Implications for the Peopling of the Caribbean
- Rock Art of the Caribbean
- Metals in the Indigenous Societies of the Insular Caribbean
- New Directions in Caribbean Historical Archaeology
- Transcending Oppression Contributions of Maroon Heritage to Freedom in World History
- The Construction of an Identity and the Politics of Remembering
- Caribbean Archaeology in the Next 50 Years
Abstract and Keywords
This article notes that the initial layer of insular Caribbean cultural stratigraphy was forged by navigators who ventured in the first open-sea treks registered in the Western Hemisphere after the initial peopling of the Americas. Current understanding of the discoverers of the islands has changed dramatically in the past decade due to data generated from the discovery of new sites and the application of novel techniques. Newfound evidence demonstrates not only the existence of a very plural and dynamic cultural and social landscape during the early peopling of the archipelago but also the marked influence that these primeval societies had on the transformation of the insular into an artifact following their arrival. The article discusses some of these recent lines of evidence and provides guidelines regarding their implications for understanding the social and cultural configurations of the earliest inhabitants of the Antilles.
Reniel Rodríguez Ramos (Ph.D. University of Florida, 2007) is an Assistant Professor at the Universidad de Puerto Rico-Utuado and a postdoctoral researcher at the Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden University. His main areas of interest have been the study of lithic technologies and the interaction dynamics registered in the Caribbean in precolonial times.
Jaime R. Pagán-Jiménez (Ph.D. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2005) was awarded with the Medalla Alfonso Caso al Mérito Universitario. He is currently Adjunct Professor at the Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Puerto Rico y el Caribe and Research Affiliate in Caribbean Archaeology at Leiden University. He is also an Independent Researcher with the Herbario, Department of Biology, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Río Piedras, and Research Director at EK, Consultores en Arqueología. His current research examines the paleoethnobotany of the Caribbean islands and the sociopolitics of archaeology in the Caribbean and Latin America.
Corinne L. Hofman (Ph.D. Leiden University, 1993) is Professor of Caribbean Archaeology at the Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, The Netherlands. Since the 1980s she has been conducting archaeological research on many islands of the Lesser and Greater Antilles for which she has been awarded prestigious grants from the Netherlands Foundation for Scientific Research (NWO).
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