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date: 13 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article notes themes and topics that have emerged as areas of intensive research and debate over the last 50 years and will remain important in the future of Caribbean archaeology. Migration has been a focus of research since the beginning of archaeological work in the Caribbean, and it will be for decades to come. The study of human–environment interactions, including reconstructing prehistoric patterns of adaptation and subsistence, has been a dominant theme for decades, particularly as researchers developed expertise in the analysis of faunal and floral remains. Caribbean scholars have studied indigenous systems of symbols and meanings for 50 years. A final related set of large themes involves the processes of long-term cultural differentiation and ethnogenesis that operated to create the cultural and linguistic diversities identified at the time of European conquest.

Keywords: Caribbean archaeology, migration, human–environment interactions, cultural differentiation, ethnogenesis

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