- The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology
- Caribbean Archaeology in Historical Perspective
- The Climatic Context for Pre-Columbian Archaeology in the Caribbean
- Indigenous Languages of the Caribbean
- The “Classic” Taíno
- Kinship and Social Organization in the Pre-Hispanic Caribbean
- Ethnohistory of the Caribs
- The Arawak Diaspora Perspectives from South America
- The Humanization of the Insular Caribbean
- Gateway to the Mainland Trinidad and Tobago
- Isthmo–Antillean Engagements
- Huecoid Culture and the Antillean Agroalfarero (Farmer-Potter) Period
- The Saladoid
- The Southward Route Hypothesis
- The Post-Saladoid in the Lesser Antilles (A.D. 600/800–1492)
- Meillacoid and the Origins of Classic Taíno Society
- Archaeological Practice, Archaic Presence, and Interaction in Indigenous Societies in Cuba
- The Bahama Archipelago
- Archaeological Views of Caribbean Seafaring
- An Archaeology of Spatiality in the Caribbean
- Exchange as a Social Contract A Perspective from the Microscale
- Studying Pre-Columbian Interaction Networks Mobility and Exchange
- Rethinking Chiefdoms in the Caribbean
- Household Archaeology in the Pre-Columbian Caribbean
- Zooarchaeology in the Caribbean Current Research and Future Prospects
- Human–Plant Dynamics in the Precolonial Antilles A Synthetic Update
- Stable Isotope Analysis of Paleodiet in the Caribbean
- Paleomobility Research in Caribbean Contexts New Perspectives from Isotope Analysis
- The Study of Pre-Columbian Human Remains in the Caribbean Archipelago From Descriptive Osteology to a Bioarchaeological Approach
- From Corpse Taphonomy to Mortuary Behavior in the Caribbean A Case Study from the Lesser Antilles
- The DNA Evidence for the Human Colonization and Spread Across the Americas Implications for the Peopling of the Caribbean
- Rock Art of the Caribbean
- Metals in the Indigenous Societies of the Insular Caribbean
- New Directions in Caribbean Historical Archaeology
- Transcending Oppression Contributions of Maroon Heritage to Freedom in World History
- The Construction of an Identity and the Politics of Remembering
- Caribbean Archaeology in the Next 50 Years
Abstract and Keywords
Until recently, Caribbean rock art research had been held back by factors common to other areas, as well as particular to the island-chain setting. Lack of chronological control and a negative conceptual bias by professionals are among the former grouping, while diverse geography and divergent research frameworks are due to a colonial legacy. The discussion of rock art investigation in the region includes survey status, image and site characterizations, dating schemes, interpretative frameworks, and preservation. It demonstrates the advancement of carved and painted images to the understanding of past Amerindian, as well as early historic and even present-day, cultures. Rock art presents a contrast between static images rendered on fixed surfaces that were also meant to be full of life and of direct relevance to cultural experiences. Internal individual and social relationships, ideas, and needs are given expression through rock art whose forms are conditioned by environmental and cultural contexts.
Michele H. Hayward (Ph.D. Pennsylvania State University, 1986) is currently a Senior Archaeologist with Panamerican Consultants, Inc. She has been involved with a variety of archaeological projects in the United States and the Caribbean. Her interest in Caribbean rock art began shortly after graduation as an archaeologist with the Institute of Puerto Rican Culture and has grown to include rock art site documentation, co-authorship of two books and various articles on Puerto Rican and the region’s images, as well as organizing and participating in national and international sessions on Caribbean rock art.
Lesley-Gail Atkinson (M.A. University of Glasgow, Scotland, 2000) is currently a doctoral candidate at the University of Florida. She is an archaeologist with the Jamaica National Heritage Trust and has participated in numerous projects in the Jamaica.
Michael A. Cinquino (Ph.D. State University of New York, Stony Brook, 1986) is presently the Director of the Buffalo, New York, Office of Panamerican Consultants, Inc. His career includes conducting documentary studies and archaeological fieldwork in Mexico, the United States, and the Caribbean, and serving as the State Archaeologist for the Puerto Rican State Historic Office.
Gérard Richard obtained his advanced degree from the Institut Régional d’Administration Publique de METZ. While he spent a number of years studying the prehistoric peoples of France, since 1982 he has transferred his research to Guadeloupe and the wider Caribbean. Richard’s positions include Territorial Conservator, Archaeologist, Chief of the Cultural Patrimony Service in Architecture and Archaeology for the Regional Council of Guadeloupe, and Treasurer for the International Association for Caribbean Archaeology.
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