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date: 16 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The development of early complex societies in the Central Mexican Highlands resulted in particular local traditions. The region twice served as the heartland for densely populated ancient cities—Teotihuacan and Tenochtitlan—the populations of which are estimated to have been between 100,000–150,000 and 150,000–200,000 people, respectively. This article discusses the underlying local circumstances that favored the development of populous complex societies at an unprecedented scale in this region.

Keywords: Mesoamerica, Central Mexican Highlands, social development, complex societies, Teotihuacan, Tenochtitlan, ancient cities

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